In spite of innumerable social and financial obstacles, Ambedkar became one of the first "Dalit" to obtain a college education in
Dr. Ambedkar's very name has become a sign of victory for the down-trodden and long-exploited people. The life of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was marked by struggles, but he proved that every hurdle in life can be surmounted with persistent efforts, development of talent and firm determination. The biggest barrier in his life was the Hindu caste system, which considered him as 'untouchable'. However, he vigorously fought against the very tough circumstances of existence under the then ‘Hindu Society’ by developing into a well-rounded versatile personality. He emerged into such a great revolutionary that his whole life’s activities and brilliant thinking, right from his early days up to the end of his life brought a great impact over the rigid Indian system of society, its politics, the discriminatory brutal legal system, the soul-killing traditions (Mariyadas, etc.), customs and the very way in which the Indian Society in general still conducts itself and shamelessly boasts of its ‘Indian Way of Life’.
In the year 1908, young Bhimrao passed his Matriculation from
By the time he returned to
The problems of the downtrodden were centuries old and difficult to solve. Their entry into temples was forbidden. They could not draw water from public wells and ponds. Their admission in schools was prohibited. In 1927, he led the Mahad March at the Chowdar Tank at Colaba, near
Meanwhile the political situation in
Under the charismatic leadership of Dr. Ambedkar, the process of ‘Dalit Empowerment’ took birth. He was the true intellectual whose expression of rage against untouchability led him to seek a separate political space in
September 22, 1951 is a black day in Indian history, when Jawaharlal Nehru, fearing a caste Hindu backlash, dropped the Hindu Code Bill. Thus was lost a golden opportunity to remove all the constraints imposed on Hindu women by the patriarchal Brahminical Social Order based on the dictates of Manu. As is commonly known, women in Hindu society have historically been denied political, social and economic rights. Brahminical texts denied women education. Sati, child marriage, widow ostracization were cunningly used to deny women their rights to property. As free
The reformation bills for which Dr. Ambedkar prepared the ground were at later stages divided into Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956); The Hindu Succession Act ,1956; Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, The Hindu Inheritance (Removal of Disabilities) Act; The Caste Disabilities Removal Act.
TTThose in Parliament who supported the Bills also saw them as a vital move towards the modernization of Hindu society, as they would clearly Delineate Secular Laws from Religious Law. Many also heralded the Bill’s opportunity to implement greater rights for women, establishing that such rights were necessary for
While Bhimrao was an ardent patriot, who always conducted himself in the best interest of
He was saviour of the women, oppressed and poor masses for which he fought throughout his life. In this connection, he had already laid the foundation of empowerment of deprived members of society by signing the ‘Poona Pact’ and through his wise advices and suggestions in the governing council of the ‘Union Government’ it was possible to implement the ‘reservation system’ derived from the ‘Pact’. However, he was well aware that to reform Hindu Society, a great deal was yet to be done.
Under these circumstances, he prepared the ground for reformations in the Hindu Personal Laws even in face of stiff opposition from political leaders including Mr. J. L. Nehru, Hindu religious organisations, etc. His efforts prepared the Indian mind for ultimate passage of Hindu Code bills and subsequently the Equal Remuneration Act, all of which empowered women, who were earlier denied equality before law in great many things. However, the force of old brutal customs still continued to operate. To neutralize this force of customs and traditions, the parliament of
Dr. Ambedkar was of the opinion that traditional religious values should be given up and new ideas adopted. He laid special emphasis on dignity, unity, freedom and rights for all citizens as enshrined in the Constitution. He advocated democracy in every field: social, economic and political. For him social Justice meant maximum happiness to the maximum number of people.
However, due to having been frustrated in reforming the Hindu Society, he embraced Buddhism along with many of his followers on
Rattan Lal Gotra